Professor Tom Butler’s Publications

prof-tom-butler
Following my extensive career as an IT professional, I became research active in 1996, with my first significant journal publication appearing in 1998. Since then, I have conducted field research of an innovative and practical nature, either as an individual researcher, or by leading research teams in funded R&D projects. My recent research is practitioner-oriented, applied in nature, and focuses on the core concerns of financial services organisations, chiefly in the design, development, implementation, operation and use of RegTech for regulatory compliance and to help manage operational risk and other related risks, such as conduct risk and IT risk. As of September 2017 I have 208 publications including 71 conference papers, 79 full papers, 22 book chapters, and a range of other articles.

My research is both rigorous and relevant. It is rigorous in that its objective is to advance the knowledge of the innovative design, development, implementation, operation, and use of information systems in organisations—this I achieve through high-quality publications in academic journals and conference proceedings. My theoretical contributions to the fields of organisational theory and management information systems, and to cognate disciplines such as management and finance, builds on existing perspectives on institutional theory, management theory, the philosophy of technology, the new institutional economics, sociology, cognitive psychology, organisation theory, computer science and knowledge engineering. My research is relevant, in that I disseminate this knowledge to practice either directly to organisations through applied research and development, through industry bodies, reports and publications, and by R&D on applied solutions to address the problems financial services organisations face in governance, risk management and compliance reporting.

My research interests are detailed below and are closely aligned with my current role as Technology Centre Principal Investigator (Research Director) for the Enterprise Ireland and IDA-funded Governance Risk and Compliance Technology Centre (GRCTC).

    • R&D on RegTech and RiskTech solutions for the Financial Industry:
      • The research, design and development Semantic Technologies—both RegTech and FinTech —to help address the challenges faced by banks and other financial institutions in the area of regulatory compliance.
      • Conduct Risk Diagnostic System
      • Building and applying vocabularies, ontologies and related semantic technologies to address the challenges posed by regulatory, operational, and conduct risks in the Financial Industry.
      • Commercialising Smart RegTech in a new SmaRT start-up called Making Laws and Regulations Smart using RegTech (SmaRT).
      • Identifying new approaches to address Operational Risks in the enterprise.
      • Designing Business Models for FinTech and RegTech innovations.
Related research strands and interests include:
      • New models of Enterprise Risk Management using information systems, particularly where operational risk is concerned.
      • The design of tools to enable financial and legal subject matter experts draft Smart Contracts.
      • The design of Regulatory Compliance Knowledge Management Systems and Knowledge Bases.
My previous research focused on the following major area:
      • Using Institutional Theory to explore how the direct, enabling and systemic effects of ICT can be leveraged by government and business organisations:
        • Environmentally Sustainable IT Governance
        • Environmental Compliance Management Systems (ECMS).

Conference Papers

1. Ceci, M., Butler, T., O’Brien, L. and Al Khalil, F. Legal Patterns for Different Constitutive Rules, Workshop on `MIning and REasoning with Legal texts’, Kings College London, June 16th, 2017. 11 p.*
2. Butler, T. Standards-based Semantic Technologies for Smart Regulation. Global Data Standards Conference, Presentation to the Global Standards for Granular Data Working Conference, European Central Bank, Frankfurt, March 28-29th 2017, 20 p.
3. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. Causal Framework Through Retroduction and Retrodiction, 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Guimarães, Portugal, June 2017. 10 p.
4. Al Khalil, F., Butler, T., O’Brien, L. and Ceci, M. Trust in Smart Contracts is a Process, As Well. In WTSC17, 1st Workshop on Trusted Smart Contracts, 2017, Malta. 10 p.*
5. Butler, T. and Brooks, R. New Perspectives on the Management of Enterprise Risk Presented to the GRCTC 2nd Symposium 2016, National Convention Centre, Dublin 2016, 21 p.
6. Butler, T. and Abi Lahoud, E. The Financial Industry Regulatory Ontology, Presentation to the Object Management Group, Financial Domain Task Force, OMG Technical Meeting, Chicago, Il, September 13th 2016, 7 p.
7. Butler, T., Abi-Lahoud, E., and Espinoza, A. 35th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS) Fort Worth, Texas, December 13-16, Designing Semantic Technologies for Regulatory Change Management in the Financial Industry, 2015, 11 p.
8. Butler, T. ICT in Education: Fundamental Problems and Practical Recommendations. Report presented to the Feilte Conference, Teaching Council of Ireland, September 2015, 20 p..
9. Butler, T., Daly M. and Hackney, R. SIGGreen 2015 Workshop, Fort Worth, Dallas. Socio-technical Transitions Towards Environmental Sustainability through Green ICT. 2015, 12 p.
10. Butler, T. First GRC Symposium, Dublin, 2015, Friday October 30th, From Problems to Solutions for GRC in the Financial Industry, 2015, 11 p.
11. Butler, T. and Hackney, R. 22nd European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Muenster, Germany, Paper 21. ISBN 978-3-00-050284-2. Understanding Digital Eco-innovation in Municipalities: An Institutional Perspective, 2015, 12 p.
12. Butler, T. and Abi Lahoud, E. Consortium for System Risk Analytics (CSRA) Meeting, MIT Sloan Center for Finance and Policy, Cambridge, MA, December. Applying Semantic Technologies for Risk Data Aggregation. 2014, 3 p.
13. Espinoza, A. Abi-Lahoud, E., and Butler, T. 2nd. Semantic Web and Linked Open Data workshop (SW-LOD), Enc 2014. 5th, November; Oaxaca, México. Ontology-Driven Financial Regulatory Change Management: An Iterative Development Process, 2014, 4 p.*
14. Abi-Lahoud, E., O’Brien, L. and Butler, T. Legal Knowledge and Information Systems – JURIX 2014: The Twenty-Seventh Annual Conference. In. AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014, pp. 188-201. On the Road to Regulatory Ontologies: Interpreting Regulations with SBVR, 2014, 13 p.*
15. Butler, T. and Abi-Lahoud, E. IFIP WG 8.6 International Conference on Transfer and Diffusion of IT. In Creating Values for All Through IT, Birgitta Bergvall-Kåreborn and Peter Axel Nielsen (eds.), IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology (IFIP AICT), Springer, Berlin, A Mechanism-based Explanation of the Institutionalization of Semantic Technologies in the Financial Industry. 2014. 18 p.
16. Abi-Lahoud, E., Butler, T. and O’Brien, L. 22nd. European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Tel Aviv, Israel. A Hermeneutic Approach to Solving the Translation Problem in Designing Ontologies, 2014. 16 p.*
17. Butler, T. and Abi-Lahoud, E. IFIP 8.2 OASIS Working Conference, Milan. Explaining the Adoption of Semantic Technologies in the Financial Industry: A Mechanism-based Explanation of Institutional Change, 2013, 17 p.
18. Abi-Lahoud, E. Butler, T. Chapin, D., and Hall, J. The 7th International Web Rule Symposium: Research Based and Industry Focused, Seattle Metropolitan Area, USA, July 11-13. Interpreting Regulations with SBVR, 2013, 14 p. *
19. Butler, T. and Abi Lahoud, E. Semantic Technologies for Governance, Risk and Compliance in Financial Services, Presentation to the Object Management Group, Financial Domain Task Force, OMG Technical Meeting, Reston, VA, March 19-23, 2013, 5 p.
20. Butler, T. and Abi Lahoud, E. SMART Regulation and FIRO – FIGO. Presentation to the Object Management Group, Financial Domain Task Force, OMG Technical Meeting, Burlingame, San Francisco, CA, December 12th, 2012. 10 p.
21. Butler, T. Semantic Technologies for SMART Regulation – Overview and Business Applications. Presentation to the Object Management Group, Financial Domain Task Force, OMG Technical Meeting, Jacksonville, Florida, September 10th-14th, 2012. 8 p.
22. Haque, R. Krdzavac, N. and Butler, T. The International Conference on Data and Knowledge Engineering (ICDKE 2012), Wu Yi Shan / China, November, pp. 29-37.Transforming Nescient Action into Intelligent Action, 2012, . 8 p. *
23. Krdzavac, N. Haque, R. and Butler T. AIW 2012 Workshop ‘AI on the Web’ at the 35th German Conference on Artificial Intelligence (KI2012), Saarbrücken, Germany, 23-25th Sept. Web-based Reasoning With Balance Sheets, 2012, 6 p., *
24. Krdzavac, N. Haque, R.and Butler T. In Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Model Driven Approaches in System Development (MDASD) Wrocław, Poland, September 9-12, pp. 1391-1395. An IFRS Compliant Balance Sheet Metamodel, 2012, 4 p. *
25. Butler, T. and Hackney, R. ECIS 2012 Proceedings. Paper 62. Breaking the iron law: implementing cost effective, green ICT in the UK public sector. http://aisel.aisnet.org/ecis2012/62, 2012, 13 p.
26. Pope, A. and Butler, T. ECIS 2012 Proceedings. Paper 183. Unpacking the people, process and technology dimensions of organisational KMS. http://aisel.aisnet.org/ecis2012/183, 2012, 13 p.
27. Grace, A., Finnegan, P. and Butler T. IFIP WG8.3 International Conference on Decision Support Systems Athens, 28th-30th June, 229 – 240. Collaborative Decision Making at the Client Interface: An Exploratory Case Study of Service Co-production, 2012, 11 p. *
28. Butler, T. 19th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Helsinki, Finland. Towards a Practice-Oriented Green IS Framework, 2011, 13 p.
29. Butler, T. and O’Reilly, P. In the Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), St. Louis, USA. Recovering the Ontological Foundations of the Grounded Theory Method, 2010. 19 p.
30. Kiely, G., Finnegan, P. and Butler, T. 22nd International Conference, Coordinating Global Virtual Teams: Building Theory from a Case Study of Software Development, In: Pernici, B eds. Advanced Information Systems Engineering, CAiSE 2010 Hammamet, Tunisia, pp. 281-295, 2010, 14 p., *
31. Butler, T., Flynn, A. and McGarry, J. DSS 2010, IFIP WG 8.3 Working Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 49-60, On Institutional Rationality and Decision Making in Adopting Green ICT Strategies, 2010, 11 p.
32. Butler, T. and Daly, M. 17th European Conference on Information Systems, Environmental Responsibility and Green IT: An Institutional Perspective, Verona, Italy, 2009, 12 p. *
33. Butler, T., McAvoy, J. and Murphy, C., 28th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS) Social Inclusion and IT Education: An Institutional Analysis / Insertion Sociale et Éducation aux TIC: Une Analyse Institutionnelle, ICIS, Paris, France, 2008, 12 p.
34. Butler, T. and McGovern, D. Electronics Goes Green 2008+, Adopting Environmental Compliance Management Systems in the Electronics Sector, Fraunhofer IRB Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 671-676, 2008, 5 p.
35. McGovern, D. and Butler, T. Electronics Goes Green 2008+, From Greenwash to Corporate Environmental Responsibility, Fraunhofer IRB Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 683-686, 4 p. 2008.
36. Butler, T. Emerson, B. and McGovern, D. IFIP TC8 WG8.2. International Working Conference, Compliance-as-a-Service in IT Manufacturing Organizations: An Exploratory Case Study, Springer, New York, pp. 43-60, 2008, 7 p.
37. Butler, T. Emerson, B. and McGovern, D. 16th European Conference on Information Systems, Pragmatic Design: A Case Study of Innovation in a Small Software Company, Galway, 2008. 12 p.
38. Butler, T. and McGovern, D. 16th European Conference on Information Systems, Adopting IT to Support Green Strategies: An Institutional Perspective, Galway, Ireland, 2008, 12 p.
39. Grace, A., Finnegan, P. and Butler, T. 16th European Conference on Information Systems, Service Co-Creation with the Customer: The Role of Information Systems, Galway, Ireland, 2008, 12 p.
40. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. 16th International Conference on Information Systems Development (ISD2007), A Failure to Learn in a Software Development Team: The Unsuccessful Introduction of an Agile Method, Galway, Ireland, 2007, 10 p. *
41. Butler, T. and Murphy, C. 15th European Conference on Information Systems, Implementing Knowledge Management Systems in Public Sector Organisations: A Case Study of Critical Success Factors, St. Gallen, Switzerland, 2007, 12 p.
42. McAvoy J. and Butler, T. 14th European Conference on Information Systems, Looking for a place to hide: a study of social loafing in agile teams, University of Göteborg, Sweden, 2006, 12 p.
43. O’ Donovan, F., Heavin, C. and Butler, T. 14th European Conference on Information Systems, Towards a model for understanding the key factors in KMS implementation, University of Göteborg, Sweden, 2006, 12 p.
44. Butler, T., Feller, J., Pope, A., Murphy, C. and Emerson, B. 14th European Conference on Information Systems, An action research study on the design and development of core it artifacts for knowledge management systems, University of Göteborg, Sweden, 2006, 12p.
45. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. International Business Information Management Conference (IBIMA 2005), A Little Information Can Be A Dangerous Thing For Software Developers, Lisbon, Portugal, 2005, 10 p. *
46. Butler, T. and Murphy, C. 13th European Conference on Information Systems, Integrating Dynamic Capability and Commitment Theory for Research on IT Capabilities and Resources, University of Regensburg, Germany, 2005, 12 p.
47. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. 13th European Conference on Information Systems, A Paradox of the Change to User Stories: The Application of the Theory of Competing Commitments, University of Regensburg, Germany, 2005, 12 p.
48. Butler, T., Feller, J., Pope, A. and Murphy, C. Development Cooperation Ireland (DCI) Third Level Conference, Realising the Promise of Open Source Software for Development: The pKADS Experience, Cork, Ireland, 2004, 10 p.
49. Dunne, A. and Butler, T. IFIP TC8 WG8.6. International Working Conference, Learning Management System: A New Opportunity, Springer, New York, 2004. 20 p.
50. Butler, T., Feller, J., Pope, A., Barry, P. and Murphy, C. 4th European Conference on e-Government , Making knowledge portable in institutional contexts: A case study of the pKADSs initiative, Dublin, 2004, 13 p.
51. Dunne, A. and Butler, T. 12th European Conference on Information Systems, Beyond Knowledge Management – Introducing a framework for Learning Management Systems, Turku, Finland, 2004, 11 p.
52. Neville, K., Adam, F. and Butler, T. Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), A Model as a Platform to IT and Cultural Understanding, AMICS Tampa Florida, 2003, 13 p., *
53. Butler, T. and Murphy, C. 11th European Conference on Information Systems, Locating IT Competencies in a Learning Organization: A Case Study of the Development of Firm specific IT Resources at Analog Devices Inc., Naples, Italy, 2003, 15 p.
54. Butler, T. and Pyke A. 11th European Conference on Information Systems, Examining the Influence of ERP Systems on Firm-Specific Knowledge and Core Capabilities: A Case Study of SAP Implementation and Use, Naples, Italy, 2003, 15 p.
55. Butler, T. and Murphy, C. 11th European Conference on Information Systems, Unpacking Dynamic Capabilities in the Small-to Medium Software Enterprise: Process, Assets, and History, Naples, Italy, 2003, 15 p.
56. Butler, T. Informing Science & IT Education Joint Conference (InSITE), A Case Study of Social and Corporate Responsibility in Bridging the Digital Divide, InSITE, University College Cork, Ireland, 2002, 9 p.
57. Butler T. 3rd European Conference on Organizational Knowledge, Learning and Capabilities (OKLC), Exploring the Reality of Knowledge Management Systems: A Case Study, ALBA (Athens Laboratory of Business Administration), Athens, Greece, 2002, 22 p.
58. Neville, K. and Butler, T. 11th Annual Business Information Technology Management (BIT) Conference, Bridging the Digital Divide in Third level Education: A Case Study, 2001, 10 p.
59. Butler T. and Murphy, C. Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), Beyond the Resource-Based View: Commitment as the Underlying Mechanism in the Application of IT Competencies, AMCIS, Long Beach, California, 2000, pp. 1743-1749, 7 p.
60. Butler, T. Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), Making Sense of Knowledge: A Constructivist Viewpoint. AMCIS, Long Beach, California, 2000, pp. 1462-1467, 6 p.
61. Butler, T. Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), Deconstructing the Hype Around Knowledge Work and Putting Clothes on the Emperor’s Back, AMCIS, Long Beach, California, 2000, pp. 2000-2006, 7 p.
62. Butler, T. and Sammon D. Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), Life in the Data Warehouse: A Case Study of Second Phase Implementation Problems and Solutions, AMCIS, Long Beach, California, 2000, pp. 108-112, 5 p.
63. Butler, T. 5th UKAIS Conference, Beyond Simple Causal Models: Capturing the Context and Process of User Participation, University of Wales, Cardiff, 2000, pp. 120-129, 10 p..
64. Butler T. and Murphy, C. 20th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), Shaping Information and Communication Technologies Infrastructures in the Newspaper Industry: Cases on the Role of IT Competencies, ICIS, Charlotte, NC 14 pages. 1999, pp. 364-377, 14 p.
65. Butler T. and Murphy, C. 7th European Conference on Information Systems, Information Technology and the Emergence of Post-Industrial Organisations: Experiences from the Publishing Industry, Warwick Business School, Warwick, 1999, pp. 766-772, 7 p.
66. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B. 4th UKAIS Annual Conference, A Review and Application of the Critical Success Factors Concept for Research on the Information Systems Development Process, McGraw-Hill Companies Inc., London, 1999, pp. 231-247, 17 p.
67. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B.,IFIP WG 8.2 and 8.6 Joint Working Conference, Enterprise Transformation and the Alignment of Business and Information Technology Strategies: Lessons from Practice, IFIP, Laxenburg, Austria. 1998, pp. 393-416, 23 p.
68. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B. 8th Annual BIT Conference, New Light through Old Windows: The Interpretive Foundations of the Critical Success Factor Concept and Method, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK. 1998, 10 p.
69. Butler T. BCS 6th International Conference on Information System Methodologies, Promise and Practice: I-CASE and Rapid Application Development in Telecom Eireann, Springer-Verlag, London , 1999, pp. 280-300, 21 p.
70. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B. 18th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), A Case Study of User Participation in the Information Systems Process. 16 pages, ICIS Atlanta, Georgia, 1997, pp. 411-426, 16 p.
71. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B. BCS 5th International Conference on Information System Methodologies: Training and Education of Methodology Practitioners and Researchers, An Empirical Model of the Information Systems Development Process, Springer-Verlag, London, 1997, pp. 53-64, 12 p.

Short Communications

1. Butler, T. Why Data Regulation Can Be Like a Greek Tragedy, November 2015, Irish Independent Technews.ie, 1p.
2. Butler, T. Ending the digital myth about electronic devices in classrooms. Irish Examiner, Monday, October 19, 2015. 1 p.
3. Butler, T. Learn by the book, not apps. Sunday Times, Think Tank Article, September 9th 2012, 1 p.
4. Butler T. Understanding regulatory compliance, Financial Services Technology, 11, March 2010, http://www.usfst.com/article/Understanding-regulatory-compliance/. 2 p.

Full Papers

Refereed Articles in Journals

1. Butler, T. Journal of Financial Transformation, 45, April 2017, 49-59, Towards a Standards-based Technology Architecture for RegTech. 10 p.
2. Butler, T. and Brooks, R. Journal of Financial Transformation. Forthcoming, September 2017, Transforming the Theory and Practice of Risk Management in Financial Enterprises. 16 p.
3. Butler T., Al Khalil, F., O’Brien, L. and Ceci, M. Banking & Financial Services Policy Report, 36 (9) September, 2017. 14 p. Smart Contracts and Distributed Ledger Technologies in Financial Services: Keeping Lawyers in the Loop.
4. Butler, T. and Brooks, R. Journal of Financial Transformation. Forthcoming, January, 2018, 14 p. Transforming Organizational Cultures in Financial Institutions through Adaptive Behavioural Change.
5. Seidel, S., Bharati, P., Fridgen, G., Watson, R.T., Boudreau, M., Butler, T., Albizri , A. Kruse L.C., Guzman, I, Karsten, H., Lee, H., Melville, N, Rush, D., Toland, J. and Watts, S., The Sustainability Imperative in Information Systems Research, Communication of the AIS, 40, 2017, 16 p.
6. Butler, T. and McGovern, D. Information Systems Frontiers, 2012, Vol. 14, pp. 221-235. A conceptual model and IS framework for the design and adoption of environmental compliance management systems. 15 p.
7. Butler. T. Journal of Strategic Information Systems. Vol. 20, No. 1, 2011, pp. 6-26. Institutional Imperatives on Environmental Sustainability: A Sense Making Perspective on Green IS. ISSN: 0963-8687. 21 p.
8. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. Electronic Journal of IS Evaluation, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2009, pp. 141 – 152. The Dilution of Effort in Self-Evaluating Development Teams: Agile Loafing. 12 p.
9. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. European Journal of Information Systems, 2009, Vol.18, No. 4, pp. 372-383, The Role of Project Management in Ineffective Decision Making within Agile Software Development Projects. 12 p.
10. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. Journal of Information Technology Case and Application Research (JITCAR), 2009, Vol. 11. No. 1, pp. 23-46, A Failure to Learn by Software developers: Inhibiting the Adoption of an Agile Software Development Methodology. 24p.
11. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. Journal of Decision Systems, 2009, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp.53-67, Project Post-mortems: Mindless Mismanagement of Agreement. 15 p.
12. Butler, T. and Murphy, C. Journal of Information Technology, 2008, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 330-344, An Exploratory Study on IS Capabilities and Assets in a Small to Medium Software Enterprise, ISSN: 0268-3926. 14 p.
13. Butler, T. and McGovern, D. Cutter IT Journal, 2008, 21(2), pp. 19-25, The Greening of the IT Sector: Problems and Solutions in Managing Environmental Compliance, ISSN 1522-7383. 6 p.
14. Butler, T., Feller, J., Pope, A., Murphy, C. and Emerson, B., Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 2008, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp, 249-267, Designing a Core IT Artifact for Knowledge Management Systems: An Action Research Study of a Government and a Non-Government Organization, ISSN: 0963-8687. 19 p.
15. Butler, T. International Journal of Cases on Electronic Commerce, 2007, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 56-72, Power, Conflict, Commitment and the Development of Sales and Marketing IS/IT Infrastructures at Digital Devices Inc., ISSN: 1548-0623. 17 p.
16. Butler, T., Heavin, C. and O’Donovan, F. Journal of Organizational and End User Computing, 2007, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 1-21. A Theoretical Model and Framework for Understanding Knowledge Management System Implementation, ISSN: 1546-2234. 21 p.
17. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. Information and Software Technology, Vol. 49, No. 6, June 2007, pp. 552-563, The impact of the Abilene Paradox on double-loop learning in an agile team, ISSN: 0950-5849. 12 p.
18. Butler, T. and Murphy, C. Information Systems Journal, 2007, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 143-164. Understanding the Design of Information Technologies for Knowledge Management in Organizations: A Pragmatic Perspective, ISSN: 1350-1917. 22 p.
19. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. International Journal of e-Collaboration, 2006, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 1-24, A Paradox of Virtual Teams and Change: An Implementation of the Theory of Completing Commitments. ISSN: 1548-3673. 24 p.
20. McAvoy, J. and Butler, T. International Journal of Information Systems and Change Management, 2005, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 48-61, Resisting the change to user stories: a trip to Abilene, ISSN: 1479-3121. 14 p.
21. Dunne, A. and Butler, T. Journal of Cases on Information Technology, 2005, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 53-70, Beyond Knowledge Management – Introducing Learning Management Systems, ISSN: 1548-7717. 18 p.
22. Dunne, A. and Butler, T. International Journal of Knowledge and Learning, 2005,Vol. 1, No. 1/2, pp. 12-24, Learning Management Systems: A New Beginning in the Management of Learning and Knowledge, ISSN: 1741-1009. 15 p.
23. Butler, T., Journal of Cases on Information Technology, 2005, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 18-36, Power, Conflict, Commitment and the Development of Sales and Marketing IS/IT Infrastructures at Analog Devices Inc., ISSN: 1548-7717. 19 p.
24. Butler, T. Feller, J., Pope, A., Barry, P. and Murphy, C. Electronic Journal of e-Government, 2004, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 81-94, Promoting Knowledge Sharing in Government and Non-Government Organizations Using Open Source Software: The pKADS Story, ISSN 1479-439X. 14 p.
25. Butler, T., Knowledge and Process Management: The Journal of Corporate Transformation, 2003, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 144-155, From Data to Knowledge and Back Again: Understanding the Limitations of KMS, ISSN: 1092-4604. 12 p.
26. Butler T., Information Systems Journal, 2003, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 209-232, An Institutional Perspective on the Development and Implementation of Intranet- and Internet-based IS, ISSN: 1350-1917. 24 p.
27. Butler T. Informing Science Journal, 2002, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 133-144, Bridging the Digital Divide Through Educational Initiatives: Problems and Solutions, ISSN: 1521-4672. 12 p.
28. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B. Journal of End User Computing, 2001, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 12-25, The Relationship between User Participation and the Management of Change Surrounding the Development of Information Systems: A European Perspective, ISSN 1063-2239. 14 p.
29. Butler T. Information Systems Journal, 2000, Vol.10, No. 3, pp. 167-193, Transforming information systems development through computer-aided systems engineering (CASE): lessons from practice, ISSN: 1350-1917. 16 p.
30. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B. Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 1999, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 351-371, Unpacking the Systems Development Process: An Empirical Application of the CSF Concept in a Research Context, ISSN: 0963-8687. 21 p.
31. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B. Annals of Cases on Information Technology Applications and Management in Organisations, 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 68-86, The Institutionalisation of User Participation for Systems Development in Telecom Eireann, ISSN: 1098-8580. 19 p.
32. Butler T. Journal of Information Technology, 1998, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 285-300, Towards a Hermeneutic Method for Interpretive Research in Information Systems, ISSN: 0268-3926. 16 p.

Research Reports, White Papers and Working Papers

33. Butler, T. and Ceci, M. Using SemTech to Make Compliance and Reporting with Accounting Standards Easier, GRCTC White Paper, August 2017, 10 p.
34. Butler, T. and Ceci, M. Using SemTech to Enrich Reporting Frameworks, GRCTC White Paper, August 2017, 9 p.
35. Butler, T., O’Sullivan, P., Yahoudzik, D., Cowap, P. and Daly, M. A Systematic Approach for Managing and Supervising Conduct Culture and Risk, Working Paper, July, 2017. 11 p.
36. Butler, T and Brooks, R. Toward building a Sustainable Culture in the Financial Industry through Organisational Learning, Deloitte Working Paper, April 2017. 14 p.
37. Butler, T. Standards-based Semantic Technologies for Smart Regulation. GRCTC White Paper, March 2017, 14 p.
38. Butler, T and Brooks, R. New Light through Old Windows: How to Fix the Problem of Managing Business Risk, Deloitte Working Paper, March 2017, 11 p.
39. Al Khalil, F., Butler, T., O’Brien, L. and Ceci, M. A Solution for the Problems of Translation and Transparency in Smart Contracts, GRCTC White Paper, 2017, 10 p.
40. Butler, T. Standards-based Semantic Technologies for Smart Regulation, GRCTC White Paper, 2017, 14 p.
41. Butler, T., Ceci, M., and Naz, T. Introducing FiORO: The Financial Industry Operational Risk Ontology, GRCTC Working Paper, 2017, 13 p.
42. Butler, T and Brooks, R. New Perspectives on the Management of Enterprise Risk. Deloitte Working Paper, , December 2016, 21 p..
43. Butler, T. Reflections on the Role of the Chief Risk Officer in Managing Enterprise-wide Risk. Deloitte Working Paper, 2016, 9 p.
44. Butler, T., Cowap, P. and Brooks, R. An Ounce of Prevention: GRC Systems in a Risk Intelligent Enterprise. Deloitte Working Paper, 2016, 10 p..
45. Butler, T and Brooks, R. Managing Uncertainty with the Risk Advisory Framework. Deloitte Working Paper, 2016, 9 p.
46. Butler, T and O’Sullivan P. Project Arete: Modelling Conduct Risk from a Regulatory Perspective, GRCTC White Paper, 2016. 14 p.
47. Butler, T. From Problems to Solutions for GRC in the Financial Industry, GRCTC Working Paper, 2015. 11 p.
48. Butler, T., Abi-Lahoud, E., O’Brien, L., Ceci, M., Emerson, B., and Naz, T., Knowledge elicitation for regulatory compliance in the financial industry, GRCTC White Paper, 2015, 20 p.
49. Butler, T. ICT in Education: Fundamental Problems and Practical Recommendations. Report presented to the Teaching Council of Ireland. 2015, 35 p.
50. Butler, T. Implications of IFRS 9 for Regulatory Compliance Reporting, GRCTC White Paper 15 p.
51. Butler, T., Abi Lahoud, E. and Espinoza Limon, A. Semantic technologies for regulatory intelligence in the financial industry, GRCTC White Paper Series, 2014, 10 p.
52. Butler, T. Building Semantic Technologies at the GRCTC, GRCTC White Paper, 2013. 6 p.
53. Butler, T., Hayes, J. and O’Reilly, P. Innovative Business Models for the International Energy Sector. Report to the International Energy Research Centre, IERC, Tyndall Institute, Cork, Ireland, 2012. 19 p.
54. Butler, T. Business Models and Research Innovation, Keynote Presentation to the 1st Annual International Energy Centre (IERC) Conference, Cork. 2012. 7 p.
55. Butler, T. Competitive Analysis of SAP and TechniData Compliance-Based Solutions, 2008, 11 p.
56. Butler T., and Emerson, W. The Design and Development of Compliance Knowledge Management Systems, A Report on the Challenges facing Compliance and Risk Ltd. in the Building the Compliance To Product (C2P) Software Application, 2006, 12 p.
57. Butler T., Knowledge Management in Public Sector Organisations: The DCMNR Experience. Draft Report to the Department of Communications Marine and Natural Resources on the implementation of its Knowledge Management System, 2006, 30 p.
58. Butler T., McAvoy, J. McGrath, G., O’Dwyer, J. and Coffey, D. The Diploma in Applied Business Computing: Lessons Learned and Future Direction, A Report to the Diploma in Applied Business Computing Executive Steering Committee, 2006, 34 p.
59. Butler T., Knowledge Management System Project Statement of Work. Project Initiation Document for the Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources Knowledge Management System Implementation Project, 2005, 79 p.
60. Butler T., Goggin, B., McGrath B., and Coughlan R. Proposed outreach provision of National Certificate in Business Studies in West Cork Technology Park, Clonakilty, 2003. 5 p.
61. Butler T. Report on Tendered Proposals for the Student Record System. An evaluation report on tenders submitted for the Development of the Higher Education Authority’s Student Record System, 1999, 5 p.
62. Butler T. Request for Proposal: Student Record System. A report to the Higher Education Authority on the development of its Student Record System, 1999, 16 p.
63. Butler T. Request for Proposal: Upgrade of the Higher Education Authority’s First Destination Report System. Oracle RDBMS Version 6.x to Version 8.x. A report to the Higher Education Authority on the technical upgrade of the IT Architecture of its First Destination Report System, 1999, 5 p.
64. Butler T. E-commerce Ventures and Telecommunications Infrastructures in the West Cork Region. A report by on behalf of the Executive Systems Research Centre, UCC on the viability of the West Cork Technology Park Clonakilty as an e-commerce hub. 1999. 4 p.
65. Butler, T. and Sammon, D. Identifying the Critical Success Factors for Data Warehousing Projects: A Constructivist Case Study of Eircom, Ireland, Executive Systems Research Centre, Research and Discussion Paper 6/99, June 1999, 20 p.
66. Butler T. Unlocking the Value of CASE Tools. 12 pages. 1998. The Executive Business Review, Issue 15, June, pp. 3-14. 3 p.
67. Butler T. Philosophy and Method: An Empirical Application of Hermeneutic Theory for Interpretive Research in the Social Sciences. 1998. Executive Systems Research Centre Working Paper 03/98, National University of Ireland at Cork, Ireland, 28 p.
68. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B. An Assessment of the CSF Concept for Research on Systems Development. 1998. Executive Systems Research Centre Working Paper 05/98, National University of Ireland at Cork, Ireland, 20 p.
69. Butler T. An Investigation of the Implementation of an Integrated-CASE Workbench for Rapid Application Development. 1998. Executive Systems Research Centre Working Paper 08/98, National University of Ireland at Cork, Irelan, 22p.
70. Butler T. and Fitzgerald, B. Institutional Context and Process in Information Systems Development. 1998. Executive Systems Research Centre Working Paper 09/98, National University of Ireland at Cork, Ireland, 27 p.
Completed Research Papers for Journal Submission/Review
71. Butler, T. Communications of the ACM, Under review, 2017.On the need to Review WiFi RF-EMF Safety Standards: Evidence from the Field. 7 p.
72. Butler, T. and Hackney, R. Public Management Review, Under Review, 2017, Identifying Municipalities’ Institutional Mechanisms to achieve Eco-sustainability Objectives, 15 p.
73. Butler, T. Understanding and Decision Making in the Financial Industry: Perspectives from the Rough Ground. 18 p.
74. Butler, T. Abi-Lahoud, E., O’Brien, L., Ceci, M. and Emmerson, B. Designing Ganesha: Enabling Knowledge Elicitation for Regulatory Compliance in the Financial Industry. Submitted to the European Journal on Information Systems. 20 p.
75. Butler, T. A Mechanism-based Explanation of Knowledge Management System Implementation in a Government Organisation, 24 p.
76. Butler, T. and Hackney, R. Green UK Information & Communication Technology Strategies: an analysis of institutional change towards environmental sustainability. Submitted to the Government Information Quarterly. 28 p.
77. Butler, T. Institutional Mechanisms and Organisational Fields: The Institutionalisation of Direct Effects of Green IT and the Enabling Effects of Green IS, 35 p.
78. Butler, T., Daly M. and Hackney, R. Socio-technical Transitions and Environmental Sustainability: An Case Study of the ICT Industry Sprouts: Working Papers on Information Systems, 41 p.
79. Grace, A., Finnegan, P., Butler, T. and Gleasure, R. Enabling Service Co-creation: Building Theory from Research in the Financial Services Sector. 52 p.

Books/Monographs

Edited Books

1. Biros, B., Boudreau, M-C., Butler, T. Chen, A.J.W., Dickens, A., Cooley, B.J., Grove, D., Hass, M., McGovern, D., Murugesan, S., Osborne, I.,Park, J., Piccoli, G., Ryan, E.J., Sarkis, J., Sikolia, D., Unhelkar, B. and Watson, R.T., The Organizational Benefits of Green IT, 2008, Cutter Information LLC, Arlington, MA, ISBN: 1-57484-224-2. 155 p.
2. Trauth, E., Howcroft, D., Butler, T., Fitzgerald, B., DeGross, J. (Eds.). Social Inclusion: Societal and Organizational Implications for Information Systems. 2006, Vol. 208. Springer, New York, ISBN: 0-387-34587-6. 420 p.

Monographs

3. Butler T. A Constructivist Study of the Information Systems Development Process in Telecom Eireann. 267 pages. 1996. Unpublished M.Sc. Research Thesis. National University of Ireland, University College Cork.
4. Butler T. Building IT Resources in Post-Industrial Organizations: Cases on the Development and Application of IT Competencies. 470 pages. 2002. Unpublished Ph.D. Research Thesis. National University of Ireland, University College Cork.

Chapters/Articles in Books

5. Grace, A., Finnegan, P. and Butler, T. (2012) Collaborative Decision Making at the Client Interface: An Exploratory Case Study of Service Co-Production. In: A. Respicio and F. Burstein (Eds.) Fusing DSS into the Fabric of the Context. Netherlands: IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp. 229-240, 12 p.
6. Butler, T. (2012) Institutional Change and Green IS: Towards Problem-driven, Mechanism-based Explanations. In: Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael R. Wade and Scott L. Schneberger (eds). Information Systems Theory: Explaining and Predicting Our Digital Society. New York: Springer, pp. 383-407, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-6108-2_19. 25 p.
7. Butler, T. (2012) Regulating Green IT: Laws, Standards, and Protocols. In: San Murugesan and G.R. Gangadharan (eds). Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices. United Kingdom: John Wiley Sons, pp. 297-314, 18 p.
8. McAvoy, J and Butler, T. (2009) Competing Commitments Theory. In: Dwivedi, Y et al (eds). Handbook of Research on Contemporary Theoretical Models in Information Systems. PA, USA: Information Science Reference, 15 p.
9. Butler, T., Heavin, C. and O’Donovan, F. A Theoretical Model and Framework for Understanding Knowledge Management System Implementation, 2009, pp. 204-225, Evolutionary Concepts in End User Productivity and Performance: Applications for Organisational Progress, Information Science Reference, Steve Clarke (Ed.), ISBN 978-160566136. 22 p.
10. Butler, T. and Murphy C. Researching IT Capabilities and Resources: An Integrative Theory of Dynamic Capabilities and Institutional Commitments. 2009. In: Yogesh Kumar Dwivedi (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Contemporary Theoretical Models in Information Systems, Information Science Reference, Hershey, PA. 15 p.
11. Dunne, A. and Butler, T. Building and Maintaining Human Capital with Learning Management Systems, Strategic Intellectual Capital Management in Multinational Organizations: Sustainability and Successful Implications, 2009, Kevin O’Sullivan (Ed.), Business Science Reference, IGI Global, Hershey, PA, ISBN 978-160566679-2. 15 p.
12. Butler, T. and McGovern, D. The Greening of the IT Sector: Problems and Solutions in Managing Environmental Compliance. The Organizational Benefits of Green IT, 2008, pp. 37-50, David Biros, Marie-Claude Boudreau, Tom Butler, Adela J.W. Chen, Annukka Dickens, Brian J. Cooley, Deborah Grove, Michael Hass, Damien McGovern, San Murugesan, Ian Osborne, Jacob Park, Gabriele Piccoli, Emily Jane Ryan, Joseph Sarkis, David Sikolia, Bhuvan Unhelkar, and Richard T. Watson (Eds.), Cutter Information LLC, Arlington, MA, ISBN: 1-57484-224-2. 14 p.
13. McAvoy J. and Butler, T. The Desire for Cohesion in Virtual Teams: Be Careful what you Wish For, Virtual Technologies: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications Volume III Section 7, 2008, Jerzy Kisielnicki (Ed.), Information Science Reference, Hershey, PA, ISBN: 978-1-59904-955-7. 22 p.
14. McAvoy J. and Butler, T. Ineffective Decision Making in Adopting an Agile Software Development Methodology. Encyclopaedia of Decision Making and Decision Support Technologies Volume II, 2008, F. Adam, and P. Humphreys (Eds.) Information Science Reference, Hershey, PA. ISBN: 978-1-59904-843-7. 8 p.
15. McAvoy J. and Butler, T. The Desire for Cohesion in Virtual Teams: Be Careful what you Wish For. E-Collaboration in Modern Organizations: Initiating and Managing Distributed Projects, 2008, pp. 220-241, Ned Kock (Ed.), Information Science Reference, Hershey, PA., ISBN: 978-159904825-3. 22 p.
16. Dunne, A. and Butler, T. Beyond Knowledge Management: Introducing Learning Management System, Knowledge Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, 2007, pp. 396-411, Murray E. Jennex (Ed.), Information Science Reference, Hershey, PA., ISBN: 978-1-59904-933-5. 16 p.
17. Butler, T. and Murphy C. Work and Knowledge. In Knowledge Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, 2007, pp. 2798-2807, Murray E. Jennex (Ed.), Information Science Reference, Hershey, PA. 10 p.
18. Butler, T. Anti-Foundational Knowledge Management, Knowledge Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, 2007, pp. 3143-3152,.Murray E. Jennex (Ed.), Information Science Reference, Hershey, PA, ISBN: 978-1-59904-933-5. 10 p.
19. Butler, T., Feller J., Pope, A. and Murphy C. Making Knowledge Management Systems Open: A Case-study of the Role of Open Source Software, Open Source for Knowledge and Learning Management: Strategies Beyond Tools, 2007, pp. 150-174, Miltiadis Lytras and Ambjorn Naeve (Eds.), Idea Group Publishing, Hershey, PA, ISBN 159904118-9. 25 p.
20. Butler, T. and Murphy, C. Knowledge and Work: A Pragmatic Analysis. Encyclopaedia of Knowledge Management Vol. 1, 2005David Schwartz (Ed.), Idea Group Publishing, Hershey, ISBN: 1-59140. 9 p.
21. Butler, T. Can Knowledge Really be Managed? An Antifoundational Perspective, Encyclopaedia of Knowledge Management Vol. 1, 2005, pp. 1-9, David Schwartz (Ed.), Idea Group Publishing, Hershey, ISBN: 1-59140. 10 p.
22. Butler T. and Pyke A. Examining the Influence of Examining the Influence of ERP Systems on Firm-Specific Knowledge Assets and Capabilities, The Enterprise Resource Planning Decade: Lessons Learned and Issues for the Future, 2004, pp. 167-206, F. Adam and D. Sammon, Hershey, PA, ISBN: 1591401887. 40 p.
23. Butler T. and Fitzgerald B. Exploring the Relationship between Institutional Context, User Participation, and Organizational Change in a European Telecommunications Company. Advanced Topics on End-User Computing, 2002, pp. 129-157, Mo Adam Mahmood (Ed.), Idea Group Publishing, Hershey, PA, ISBN: 1591404746. 29 p.
24. Butler T. and Fitzgerald B. New Light through Old Windows: The Interpretive Foundations of the Critical Success Factor Concept and Method, Business Information Technology Management: Alternative and Adaptive Futures, 2000, pp. 40-55, R. Hackney and D. Dunn (Eds.), Macmillan, UK, ISBN: 9780333792537. 16 p.
25. Butler T., Fitzgerald, B., and Russo, N. Critical Success Factors for Developing Information System Infrastructures, Information Systems at the Core: European Perspectives on Deploying and Managing Information Systems in Business, 1999. Finnegan and C. Murphy (Eds.), Blackhall Publishing, Ireland, ISBN: 1901657639. 18 p.
26. Butler T. Realising the Benefits of CASE: Lessons from the Adoption and Use of I-CASE in a Large Irish Organisation, Current Issues in Information Systems, 1999, pp. 117-133, F. Adam and C. Murphy (Eds.), Blackhall Publishing, Ireland, ISBN: 1901657469. 17 p

Others

Seminar Publications

1. Butler, T. Philosophical reflections on IS Research. Research presentations to PhD students and researchers at the National University of Ireland Galway, November 2016. 10 pages.
2. Butler, T. Towards a Mechanism-Based Theory of Institutional Change in the Financial Industry. Research presentation to Department of IT Management, Copenhagen Business School, February 18th 2013, 22 pages.
3. Butler, T., Hayes, J. and O’Reilly, P. (2011) Innovative Business Models for the International Energy Sector. Research Presentation to the International Energy Research Centre, Scoping Research Exercise, Tyndall Institute, Cork. 19 pages.
4. Butler, T. and Hackney, R. Greening Government ICT: A Mechanism-based Explanation of Institutional Change in the UK Public Sector, Brunel Business School, Seminar Series. November 16th 2011, 34 pages.
5. Butler, T. Phenomenological Hermeneutics and IS Research: A Short Essay. PhD Seminar Series, University of Limerick, May, 2006. 18 pages.
6. Butler, T. Why Three Pillars are Better Than One: Building Pragmatic IS Research Perspectives using Institutional Theory. MAISY (Management Accounting and Information Systems) Seminar Series, Manchester School of Accounting and Finance, University of Manchester, May, 2003. 50 pages.
7. Butler, T. Hermeneutics and Interpretive Research in the Field of Information Systems. 1997. Seminar Series on Qualitative Research Methods. University College Cork. 17 pages.

R&D RegTech Inventions

8. Butler, T. The Financial Industry Operational Risk Ontology (FiORO), Technology Transfer Office, UCC: 2015. 5 p.
9. Butler, T. The Financial Industry Regulatory Ontology (FIRO), Technology Transfer Office, UCC: 2015. 5 p.
10. Butler, T. Regulatory Compliance Interpretation Methodology, Technology Transfer Office, UCC: 2015, 5 p.
11. Butler, T. Ganesha: Regulatory Compliance Information System (RIS), Technology Transfer Office, UCC: 2015. 5 p.
12. Butler, T. Mercury ML: A machine readable knowledge base in XML, Technology Transfer Office, UCC: 2016. 6 p.
13. Butler, T. Conduct Risk Model (CRM), Technology Transfer Office, UCC: 2016. 6 p.
14. Butler, T. Conduct Risk Diagnostic System (CRDS), Technology Transfer Office, UCC: 2016. 7 p.
15. Butler, T. Conduct Cultural Assessment Model (C-CAM), Technology Transfer Office, UCC: 2016. 6 p.
16. Butler, T. A Design Pattern for Developing and Applying Fund Ontologies for Risk Data Aggregation and Regulatory Reporting, Technology Transfer Office, UCC: 2016. 6 p.

Conference Panels

17. Butler, T. Agerfalk, P., Murugesan, S., Donnellan, B., Capra, E. & Schmidt N. Towards A Green Manifesto for IS Research and Practice. Panel Presentation at the ECIS 2010 Conference, Pretoria, South Africa. Towards a Green Manifesto for IS Research and Practice, 2010, 5 p..

Research Reports to Funding Agencies

Funding of €500,000 is attached to each of the PI reports 2-10.

18. Butler, T. Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences, Government of Ireland Research Fellowship Project Grants in the humanities and social sciences Final Report, Autumn 2010, 17 pages.
19. Butler T. Principal Investigator Report for Competence Centres Hosting Research Phase, TC-2012-0009, September 2013, 20 pages.
20. Butler T. Principal Investigator Report for Competence Centres Hosting Research Phase, TC-2012-0009, March 2014, 22 pages.
21. Butler T. Principal Investigator Report for Competence Centres Hosting Research Phase, TC-2012-0009, September, 2014, 23 pages.
22. Butler T. Principal Investigator Report for Competence Centres Hosting Research Phase, TC-2012-0009, March 2015, 24 pages.
23. Butler T. Principal Investigator Report for Competence Centres Hosting Research Phase, TC-2012-0009, September 2015, 24 pages.
24. Butler T. Principal Investigator Report for Competence Centres Hosting Research Phase, TC-2012-0009, February 2016, 30 pages.
25. Butler T. Principal Investigator Report for Competence Centres Hosting Research Phase, TC-2012-0009, August 2016, 35 pages.
26. Butler, T. and Cowap P. Driving Research and Innovation in Financial Services GRC, Mid-term Report – January 2017, 21 pages.
27. Butler T. Principal Investigator Report for Competence Centres Hosting Research Phase, TC-2012-0009, March 2017, 37 pages.
28. Butler T. Principal Investigator Report for Competence Centres Hosting Research Phase, TC-2012-0009, March 2017, 40 pages